Scenario 5: Tracking and Surveillance
Within the EC-SAFEMOBIL program, the concept of multiple cooperating UAVs performing a surveillance role in a complex environment is of particular interest to Selex ES. Developing a cohesive, reliable, multi-platform autonomous control system for surveillance and tracking activities would complement Selex ES's existing capabilities on autonomous surveillance and tracking, opening up market opportunities.
Development is driven by a conceptual use-case scenario of cooperative surveillance and tracking, considering a situation where a region is to be observed, and multiple targets within that region tracked, in the presence of obstacles, non-cooperative targets and other cooperative platforms. To avoid operator overload, the activity should be performed in a largely autonomous manner, taking into consideration the following scenario aspects:
- Variable and constrained dynamics targets.
Targets include pedestrians as well as vehicles, with vehicles constrained to roads whilst pedestrians may move freely. Vehicle velocities may be significantly higher than pedestrian velocities.
- Target occlusion.
Local environment features (buildings, trees) may block the visibility of targets from a single UAV's point of view.
- Communications disruption.
Local environment features (buildings, urban canyons etc.) may disrupt direct communications links. Uncooperative targets may attempt to jam or take-over communications links.
Within the consortium, Selex ES is working closely with the University of Seville and the University of Zagreb for the development of safe, cooperative multi-platform algorithms, with the University of Duisburg-Essen for the investigation of communications architectures, and with FADA-CATEC for testing and simulation.